If you are choosing the academic program related to Science, you are very likely to be assigned a scientific essay. This type of essays differs from others in purpose, structure and formatting so it can become quite challenging to deliver a paper that will meet all requirements. In this article, we will reveal the key principles of organizing scientific essays that will bring you a high score.
Scientific essay and its structure
A basic scientific essay has several peculiarities that make it different from other academic papers. For example, you need to manage scientific theories, analyze them and look through lots of information to support your argument and provide a great example of the particular case. There is practically no room for any personal opinions: you just have to provide the academic community with relevant and proven facts they are asking for. No suggestions or recommendations needed (unless you suggest keeping researching this topic): you should stick to the data and provide information clearly and concisely.
In general, your essay is an article in which you should analyze a scientific problem/theory/approach and try to provide a solution based on the factual information. This essay is aimed at testing your logic, analytical and judgment skills, and attention to details. The scientific community appreciates pragmatic and objective articles so in order to write a scientific essay, you should:
- Choose a topic. Before you start researching, you need to narrow down your focus to a more specific topic unless it is assigned by your professor. Make sure that it is relevant to the scientific community, interesting to you, valuable for science and easy for you to write about. Don`t choose anything too complex just to make a good impression: if you cannot cover it fully, then it will not be worth your efforts. Choose a topic familiar to you that will not make you struggle to find credible information about. If you have difficulties in choosing a topic, then check articles of other people that can give you some good ideas to develop;
- Make a plan. Your next step is to build a plan (academically, it is called an outline). This is a fundamental element of your writing, its road map and basis. You need to understand what you are going to write in the introduction, each of the paragraphs and how to sum up. Knowing how to organize everything, you will not miss anything important and make your essay look professional, focused and well-structured. With a good plan you set an appropriate schedule and know how much time you need for research, writing and editing;
- Research and analyze. Ensure you have a deep understanding of your field of research. As the essay is scientific, your mistake will have a great impact. To avoid this, you need to do some preliminary work to get a sufficient level of knowledge about the topic and field in general. Use only credible sources to extract information and reference it: you can use educational websites and public libraries. Pay attention to how recent the material is: science is constantly developing so being up-to-date and using the latest studies is vital
- Write an essay. Focus on your topic and start writing. You should explain why your article is important and underline how all the sources you use are related to your study. Keep to the traditional scheme: introduction, providing research questions, presenting specialized literature you refer to, discussion of all ideas and theories, the summary of all discoveries. Depending on the size of your essay and the topic`s complexity, you can extend this scheme and add here more points. Provide credible answers, be reasoned and rational;
- Edit and revise. Once you are done with an essay, you should polish it up. Check it for logical and well-structured content, then move to grammatical and stylistic mistakes. It shouldn`t contain any plagiarism so check it with special software too. Make sure you avoided using jargon, too long sentences, excess words and figures of speech. Double check your references.